Chapter 1, The Burnt Offering
The burnt sacrifice was to be a male animal without blemish, portraying the One ”who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without spot to God” Hebrews 9:14.
Chapter 2, The Meal Offering
It consisted of finely ground flour with no lumps in it. Jesus Christ displayed no unevenness in His humanity or character. Oil, a symbol of the Holy Spirit, was then poured out upon the fine flour. (1st Sam. 16:13 & Isa. 61:1 & 1 John 2:20, 27 The Heavenly Father pointed to the Lord Jesus with a dove as representing the Holy Spirit at his baptism. Then frankincense was placed upon the oil and flour. This produced a fragrance when fire was applied. Our Lord stated ”My food is to do the will of Him that sent Me, and to finish His work.” His death & resurrection completed the picture. John 4:34. Oil was part of a continual and all encompassing generational statue for Israel, to burn for light, Ex. 27:20-21, an obvious reminder of the eternal light of the world to come into the world as the Spirit of Christ in the church. In addition, the sacrifice was seasoned with salt. Salt is a barrier against corruption. This word is sometimes used in Scripture in connection with speech, Colossians 4:6, ”Let your speech be always with grace, seasoned with salt.” The believer is told, ”Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly” Col. 3:16. A handful of this offering of flour, oil, and frankincense was presented to God. The rest was eaten by the priests. How beautifully this pictures our spiritual nourishment as we partake of Christ, our meal offering, who was sacrificed for us! We abide in Him, and His words abide in us.
Chapter 3, The Peace Offering
The law of this offering is in Lev. 7:28-36. It presents a beautiful picture of reconciliation, making possible communion with God. The offerer was to ”lay his hand upon the head of his offering and kill it at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation” Lev. 3:2. Then Aaron’s sons, the priests, sprinkled the blood upon the altar. The New Testament fulfillment says, ”And, having made peace through the blood of His cross, by Him to reconcile all things unto Himself. Colossians 1:20. Once the reconciliation was accomplished by the sprinkling of the blood, the priests were to eat of the sacrifice. Lev.7:32-34. This speaks of communion and fellowship. The priests and the ones presenting the peace offering both ate of it in the presence of the Lord. This sacrifice was the basis of their peace and fellowship. It was indeed a ”thank offering”, Lev. 711-12.
Chapter 4, The Sin Offering
In the burnt offering the believer is seen as identified with Christ. In the sin offering, Christ is seen as identified with the believer’s sin. These factors apply:
- It was given for sins of ignorance, humans are sinners, Rom. 8:3, whether we know it or not.
- The victim was the substitute for the sinner, 2nd Cor. 5:21
- The victim was taken outside the camp and burned to ashes. Christ died outside the city wall, Heb. 13:12-13..The ashes were spread outside the camp, showing sins put away. Christ outside the camp died for us
Chapter 5, The Trespass Offering
The sin offering dealt with the root; the trespass offering with the fruit. The cleansing from sins was made possible through confession, Lev. 5:5. Likewise, the Lord Jesus died, not only for what we are by nature but also for what we do because of that nature. Furthermore, the Christian knows that ”if we confess our sins, He is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness, 1st Jn. 1:9, 2:1